Hysterectomy Vs Open Surgery- A Critical Review
Hysterectomy is the process or removing a woman’s uterus surgically in order to treat a number of life-threatening diseases including different types of cancers and infections. The procedure of hysterectomy depends upon the condition of the person wherein either the entire uterus is removed or the ovaries or fallopian tubes are removed.
Who Needs Hysterectomy?
The procedure of hysterectomy is not suggested to every patient. The doctors examine the patient thoroughly before making the decision. Women who face the following conditions are suggested to undergo hysterectomy-
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Cancer—Uterus, Cervix or Ovaries
- Uterine fibroids
- Serious infection of the reproductive organs (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
- Uterine Prolapse
- Uncontrollable vaginal bleeding
- Adenomyosis, a condition wherein the uterus lining started growing into the muscles of the uterus
What Are the Different Types of Hysterectomy?
Hysterectomy is considered as one of the most common procedures conducted on women across the world. There are different types of hysterectomy—
- Partial Hysterectomy (Only a small portion of uterus is removed)
- Total Hysterectomy (The entire uterus & cervix is removed)
- Salpingo-Oophorectomy (Ovaries, fallopian tubes are removed along with the uterus)
Every patient has a different case & their condition depicts the type of hysterectomy they require.
Apart from abdominal & vaginal hysterectomy wherein the uterus is removed by making a small incision in the abdomen or inside the vagina, laparoscopic hysterectomy is a popular treatment option used these days. In case, you are looking for the best hospital for laparoscopic treatment, Sunrise Hospital is the best. We offer laparoscopic treatment for issues like fibroids, cancers, and infections.
Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Vs Open Surgery
In this procedure, a small instrument called laparoscope is used to perform the surgery. This thin tube has a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera in the front of the instrument. Small incisions (3-4) are made in the abdomen and laparoscope is inserted in the body that helps the surgeon to clearly see the uterus which is removed by making small cuts. Each piece is removed at a time.
In an open surgery, a large incision (approx. 8 cm-10 cm) is made in the abdomen in order to expose the area which needs to be operated. Due to this, the person experiences postoperative pain and has a higher risk of infections & adhesions. The recovery time and post-operative care is much more and the person may have to keep on hold certain activities such as excessive exertion, walking and climbing stairs etc. If we have to compare open surgery & laparoscopic hysterectomy, the following points are important-
- While open surgery is a conventional form of treatment for uterus removal, not every surgeon is trained to perform a laparoscopic hysterectomy and hence, only a specialist should be considered if you are planning for the surgery.
- Laparoscopic surgery is safe, effective and eliminates the need to make a large incision in the body. Thus, minimizing the chances of infection and pain. The surgery has lower downtime.
- The length of incision differs in both the surgeries. In an open surgery, a large incision is being made in the abdomen which is of approximately 8 cm-10 cm. This may leave a visible scar after the operation. In a laparoscopic surgery, a small incision is made which results in smaller scars, less pain, less blood loss, lower complications and fast recovery.
- For endometriosis, fibroids ovarian abnormalities and hysterectomies, laparoscopic surgery is a great option.
Sunrise Hospital has the best surgeons who are highly experienced in the domain of laparoscopic surgery. After a thorough discussion and detailed analysis of the reports, the patients are recommended the treatment.