Every woman is born with a fixed number of eggs . As the age advances the number of eggs decreases . Hence leading to difficulty in conception especially after 35 years of age . In such conditions the options available are donor egg ( from another woman ) or stem cell therapy . The success rate of stem cell therapy is more than 50 percent .
what are stem cells ?
Stem cells are cells which have
- Ability of unlimited self renewal
- Ability of differentiation (to give rise to a specialised cell type that becomes part of a healthy person)
From where can stem cells be harvested ?
Multipotent stem cells can be harvested from bone marrow of the patient
What are the uses of stem cell therapy in gynaecology ?
Cases of INFERTILITY with
- Premature ovarian failure ( inability of a woman to form eggs )
- Testicular failure ( inability of a male to form sperms )
- Ashermans syndrome ( Uterine Synechia- when walls of the uterine cavity stick to each other compromising the cavity space )
what is the success rate of stem cell therapy ?
The success rate of stem cell therapy is variable , it can be up to 50 percent.
What is the role of stem cell therapy in premature ovarian failure related infertility and morbidity ?
Stem cell preparation is injected laparoscopically into the ovary. American studies have shown increase in ovarian size and 2 fold increase in estrogen levels ( female hormone levels ) up to 1 year after the procedure .
Relief in symptoms of POF such as hot flushes , night sweats decreased libido , vaginal dryness , repeated Urinary infections has been seen leading to enhanced quality of life.