COMMON DISORDERS THAT CAUSE INFERTILITY
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – it is the most common yet the most serious complication outside the HIV of all the STD’S (sexually transmitted disease). is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. In the US alone, one million women experience acute attack of PID and 1,00,000 become infertile as a result.
- Chlamydia – Chlamydia is the most common STD to be reported. Left untreated, 40% of the women develop PID out of which 20% become infertile. 75% of the women having Chlamydia do not experience any symptoms and do not seek their doctor. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. Between half and three-quarters of all women who have a chlamydial infection of the cervix have an inflamed cervix without symptoms and may not realize they are infected.
- Endometriosis – it is one of the three major causes of infertility. 2 to 10% of the women experience it (in the childbearing age). It is a condition resulting from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the womb and causing pelvic pain, especially associated with menstruation. It most often occurs in women aged between 25 and 40.